A kind of chaftan in the form of a long silk under-tunic (chiton [q.v.]) with a belt, worn under a sagion (q.v.). Only the emperor could wear a purple skaramangion.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Chiton — (Greek for tunic .) The basic component of Byzantine dress, worn by both men and women. Chitons could be long or short, short sleeved or long sleeved. At court one s rank was visible by the kind of chiton one wore, e.g., the kamision indicated a… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Sagion —    Short cloak, i.e., chlamys (q.v.) that was commonly worn in the imperial court. Emperors wore a purple, jeweled sagion over the skaramangion (q.v.) …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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